page title icon All About Photography

We explained here what photography is? how it was invented, and what types of photography exist. Also, list of photographs with all others of general characteristics and elements.

What is photography? To answer that question, we will first look at what photography is. The answer to that question is not just the subject of this article but also a lot of other articles on Wikipedia.

We start with the history of the origins of photography and how it has evolved over time. Then we will take a closer look at the types of photography that exist today along with their subtypes and examples of each.

This is the place to go to know everything about photography. Whether you are a professional photographer or just someone who likes taking photos on their smartphone, this site will cover tips and advice that you can use to improve your photography knowledge or other things.

What is photography?

As its name suggests (from the Greek photos, “light” and graphos, “drawing, writing”), photography is the technique and art of obtaining fixed and lasting images through the projection of light. This is achieved thanks to materials that react chemically to it or, more recently, in electronic devices sensitive to it.

Photo is short for photography. It is basically a visual art, or scientific recording of light or an image, which is not in the form of a drawing, painting or sculpture. Photography has been here for long, longer than you might have. Though it’s relatively new compared to other forms of art and science.

Photography is a modern invention, inaugurating a range of enormous possibilities for image capture and reproduction. His technique was later used by the cinema and other later technologies.

Its elemental functioning replicates that of the camera obscura, which is pinhole photography. In addition, various technological advances have made it possible to adjust and preserve the projected image.

Photography inaugurated a range of enormous capture possibilities.

How was photography invented?

Photography did not have a single inventor, as it was the consequence of a successive series of technologies dating from the 19th to the 20th century.

The first ever photograph was taken in 1826 by Joseph Nicéphore Niépce. Before that time, artists used to draw something from their eyes (eyes and brain) or their imagination (imagination).

After that event, there was a revolution by Louis Daguerre, William Henry Fox Talbot, and others who made great improvements to the process of photography so as everyone can enjoy photos today on their smartphones, with digital cameras, and also on social media websites like Facebook and Instagram.

Before photography was invented as we understand it today, the development of various technological objects was necessary.

The first of them was the camera obscura, which was used even in Antiquity, in the 5th and 6th centuries BC. C.

However, it was not until the 19th century that this technology led to the invention of artifacts more similar to photography. Among them, the daguerreotype, heliogravure, and cyanotype were mainly spread.

The existence of these previous techniques was essential for the development of photography. For this reason, those responsible for its invention and improvement are too numerous for there to be an “inventor” of photography.

History of photography

History of photography. The calotype was the first way to obtain multiple copies of a negative.

The calotype was the first way to obtain multiple copies of a negative.

The first successful experimental photographic attempt was heliogravure, discovered by Joseph Niépce around 1820. This French chemist used a camera obscura where he exposed a surface of paper, glass, and metals such as tin, copper, and pewter for eight hours.

The result was a more or less clear impression of what was observed. But since the fixation issue had not been resolved, the images thus obtained were slowly being lost. In 1825 he obtained the first permanent image using a mixture of bitumen as a photosensitive mixture.

These experiences were inherited by Louis Daguerre, Niépce’s partner, who in 1837 developed and spread the daguerreotype around the world. It was a similar procedure to his partner’s, but it employed a polished silver surface like a mirror and revealed it with mercury vapors.

The images thus obtained were unique and unrepeatable, and required a lot of light, so they were only taken outdoors. The exposure times were still long (about 10 minutes) so it was necessary to use chemical accelerators.

The first photographic prints were made in 1840 when William Fox Talbot developed the calotype. This system made it possible to obtain paper negatives from the photographic image.

These could be positivados on another sheet of paper, moistened in an acid solution of nitrate of silver. Then cyanotype was introduced, which produced copies of the original.

In 1851 Gustave Le Gray introduced a new photographic mechanism: wet collodion. It consisted of spilling that substance between two glass sheets and then developing it in ammoniacal iron sulfate. Since then, the massification of photographic images began with this method, which prevailed until 1885.

Modern photography

Modern photography - Digital Photography

Digital photography appeared in the second half of the 20th century, in 1990.

In 1888 George Eastman introduced the first Kodak camera. As used photographic film reels, he revolutionized the world forever making photography accessible to any person, not only professional photographers.

With the invention of photographic film, glass plates then stopped being used. However, they were needed again for a period in 1907, as they were the only method of taking color photographs, using various monochrome glass plates.

The photograph was never the same again. The cameras became easy to use, without the need for professional training. In 1931 the flash was invented, which made it possible to photograph at night or in low light situations. In 1948 the instantaneous or Polaroid photography spread, which was developed in just 60 seconds.

Digital photography appeared after the technological revolution of the second half of the 20th century, in 1990. This process replaced photosensitive film with electronic sensors that performed the same function and eliminated the need for development.

Types of photography

Types of photography

We can talk about different types of photography depending on its context:

Advertising photography: The one that feeds advertising or marketing, that is, the promotion of consumer goods and services. Usually, it is digitally intervened and “corrections” are made to make it more seductive.

Fashion photography: It is taken at fashion shows and events, to show clothing, hairstyles, makeup, etc. It goes hand in hand with advertising, but digital interventions are not usually done.

Documentary photography: Also called historical or journalistic, since it is done for informational, reporting, historical value, or reporting purposes.

Landscape photography: It is taken to reproduce the natural beauty of a landscape, be it an aerial, terrestrial, or underwater shot. They are usually open and colorful.

Scientific photography: It is taken through telescopes, microscopes, and other scientific tools, in order to show what is commonly not possible with the naked eye.

Artistic photography: The one has taken for aesthetic or experimental purposes, such as montages, compositions, etc.

Portrait photography: Equivalent to the painting of portraits of past eras, it is intended to show someone dear, or famous, or beautiful, at a certain point in their life.

The Photographic Camera

The Photographic Camera

As we have said, the photography is based on the camera obscura: a totally dark compartment with a small hole at one end, through which the light from outside enters and projects the images of the outside world, albeit inverted, onto the background.

Exactly that happens inside cameras, except that they are equipped with:

  • A diaphragm that opens to let in light and closes to prevent it, at a manageable speed;
  • Optical lenses that allow the projected to be focused;
  • Mirrors that reinvert the projected image;
  • Photosensitive tape or a digital sensor, to capture the image and reproduce it.

NB: If you want to buy the best camera for your photography work, you may read this article!

Image Elements – Photography Focus

The focus is the right arrangement of the lenses that allow the sharpness of the image.

When capturing the image, photographers consider the following elements:

Focus: The right arrangement of the camera lenses that allows the image to be captured with precise clarity, focusing on the important elements of the same and not on the background.

Opening: The degree of the aperture of the diaphragm, that is, equivalent to the amount of light that is let in suddenly when you press the shutter. The more light allowed, the more intense and hazy whites; a smaller quantity, dark photographs.

Shutter speed: The amount of time the film or sensor is exposed to light outside the camera. If the ambient light is low, it will require longer exposure times and vice versa.

White balance: Only in contemporary digital equipment, the computer inside the device allows you to calibrate the color temperature, choosing between a whiter (cold) or yellow (warm) light.

Photographic sensitivity: Formerly it had to do with the type of photosensitive material: some allowed to capture more light than others, as they had different degrees of sensitivity. In digital equipment, the sensor is programmed to simulate these effects, allowing greater or lesser sensitivity as desired.

Photography is a art

What is photography? What is art? If you have ever asked yourself this question, the truth might surprise you. People often get these things confused with each other, but they’re actually very different. “Art” generally refers to paintings, sculptures, poetry and novels that are usually meant to be aesthetically pleasing. “Photography” as a term has evolved tremendously over the years since it originated back in the 1840’s when it became a popular alternative to painting.

Photography is today considered one of the Fine Arts (the eighth). However, in its beginnings, it was considered rather a cold and impersonal technique, or even a parlor trick, unrefined. Therefore, it could show greater or lesser ability, but it was not valued as art.

However, throughout the twentieth century, novel aesthetic trends emerged, reflecting the sensibilities of the time. Thus the subjective and expressive potential of photography was opened up.

Note: You may read some inspirational photography quotes from here!

Photo report for journalism

Photo report for journalism

The journalism was particularly sensitive to the incorporation of the images involved in the photograph. The possibility of showing what happened and not only telling through language, revolutionized the news media in a way only comparable with the appearance of films and audiovisual filming machines. Journalistic photographers dedicate all their time to the photo report.

In addition, from this technological novelty, a new profession and a new figure in journalism emerged: the photo reporter. Although many photographers are dedicated to various forms of photography (artistic, event, fashion, etc.), journalistic photographers generally dedicate all their time to this area.

Why is photography important?

Photography forever revolutionized humanity. The possibility of capturing images quickly and efficiently, being able to later retrieve and display them, meant a change in what until its appearance was considered information, the look, and even the truth.

The presence of cameras, which we even now carry on our cell phones, allowed us to immortalize all kinds of events. In addition to being able to share these images with friends or strangers, it also allows reporting events of which, otherwise, there would have been no evidence.

References:

“Photography” in Wikipedia.

Featured old photographers

Some prominent old photographers are have been:

  • Henri Cartier-Bresson (French, 1908-2004).
  • Robert Doisneau (French, 1912-1994).
  • Robert Capa (Hungarian, 1913-1954).
  • Diane Arbus (American, 1923-1971).
  • Alberto Korda (Cuban, 1928-2001).
  • Josed Koudelka (Czechoslovakian, 1938-)
  • Sebastião Salgado (Brazilian, 1944-).
  • Annie Leibovitz (American, 1949-)

List of Featured Photographers in the USA

List of Featured Photographers in the USA

Do you want to know who the top photographers are in the United States? Look no further! Here is a complete list of featured photographers in the USA.

These talented professional photographers are showcasing their imagery in their unique photos.

Name: Tamara Lackey Photography

Location: Chapel Hill, NC

Category: All

Website: tamaralackey.com

About: Tamara’s authentic lifestyle photography, from children’s portraits to celebrity portraits, is praised within the photography industry and published internationally.

A Nikon USA Ambassador, Tamara’s work has been featured in dozens of media outlets, including Parenting Magazine, O – The Oprah Magazine, Town & Country, Vogue, Food & Wine, Men’s Journal, Nikon World, Professional Photographer Magazine, Rangefinder Magazine, Photoshop User Magazine, NBC’s The Martha Stewart Show, ABC’s Extreme Makeover: Home Edition, PBS’ Need to Know, and NBC’s The Today Show.

Tamara is also a sought-after speaker and educator and has spoken at workshops, seminars, and conventions around the world as well as hosting her own web series, the reDefine show, which examines the inspiring stories of top-tier creative artists.

Name: Matt Kloskowski

Location: Tampa, FL

Category: Landscape

Website: mattk.com

About: Matt Kloskowski is a Tampa-based landscape photographer and Vice President of Photography for ON1 Software. He is the best-selling author of over 20 books and currently teaches Photography, Lightroom, and Photoshop at seminars and conferences around the world.

Matt has always been drawn to the beach, and his award-winning landscapes usually involve water and vibrant colors. Each photograph helps others feel the beauty of the amazing world around us.

Name: Sam Stroud Photography

Location: Lynchburg, VA

Category: Wedding

Website: www.samstroudphoto.com

About: Sam Stroud is the owner of Sam Stroud Photography, an award-winning wedding photography studio based in Virginia. In addition to his renowned wedding photography business, he is a passionate advocate for knowledge sharing within the industry, and has developed workshops, mentorships, and more for emerging portrait photographers.

He and his team are widely recognized for their authenticity, their professionalism, and their classic, intimate style.

Name: Maureen Porto Photography

Location: Annapolis, MD

Category

Website: www.maureenporto.com

About: Maureen is a Coastal Mama and Lifestyle Photographer living in Annapolis, Maryland with her husband, two children, and a blind rescue pup Santa gifted to her family one Christmas. She love boating and the great outdoors, hosting Sunday dinner with her Sicilian husband, and capturing people celebrating the beauty of life.

Name: Katherine Elizabeth Photography

Location: Glen Burnie, MD

Category

Website: www.katherineelizabethphotography.com

About: Katherine believes in the magic of a captured moment, the beauty of a laugh, and the raw power of being real. She was the girl in middle school who read National Geographic cover to cover which led her to study film and television in 2007 at the Center for Creative Media in Tyler, Texas (where she met her husband).

Combining photojournalistic, classic, and artistic styles helps her to capture genuine moments along with creative portraits in natural settings. The world can get so dark; it’s the little, subtle moments that make the difference. She is passionate about capturing these moments so that they can be cherished beyond a lifetime.

Name: Wag Your Tail Photography

Location: Denver, CO

Category: Pet

Website: wagyourtail.photography

About: WYTP is a furkid photographer in the Philadelphia area. Grown from the love of her own furkid Newton, Christina started her pet photography business to live out her dream of bringing together her love of photography and animals. Christina’s vision is simply to join together the beauty and joy of the four-legged love of your life with a sense of artistry and creativity.

Name: The Reason

Location: Cumming, GA

Category

Website: www.thereasonilove.com

About: Chris + Allie are The Reason, a husband and wife photography team based in the dirty south – a kudzu-covered land where fried chicken is served with waffles, the real thing is the only thing, and sweet tea is served at every wedding.

They live in the Atlanta suburbs, love soccer (ATL UTD, USMNT, and Oranje), and are parents to the two greatest kids, Hank and Charlie.

Their best work always comes when a couple gives us the freedom and trust to do what we do best. It’s their joy to tell stories, whether through photos or video. They believe wedding photos are a big deal, but taking them shouldn’t be.

Name: Miss Araebia Photography

Location: Central, TX

Category

Website: www.missaraebia.com

About: Araebia Barnhardt is originally from NYC, home to the best pizza and bagels ever. She has since made NC her home for the past 11 years. She is a mom to six beautiful children and a wife of an angel now.

When she is not busy with her photography business, she loves Kate Spade, lipgloss, anything glitter gold, pasta, church praise, and dancing. No matter how she’s dressed, you’ll always find a pocketbook on her arm because she love pocketbooks.

Name: Katriel Abbott Photography

Location: Raleigh, NC

Category

Website: www.katrielabbottphotography.com

About: Received a Bachelors in Photography from BYU-Idaho in 2015. Katriel is a natural light lifestyle, portrait, and wedding photographer serving the east coast. She loves simplicity and is inspired by beautiful places and spaces, lovely people, and the little things that make a moment priceless.

Name: Kerrin Burke Lahr Photography LLC

Location: Shoreview, MN

Category

Website: www.kerrinburkelahr.com

About: Kerrin has a husband Tom, two kids – Caitlin & Kevin – and a son-in-law Chris. They mean the world to her. Kerrin’s photographic journey began at age 10 when she received her first camera. After she shot that first roll of film and got the prints back, she was hooked.

While her friends were saving money to buy candy; she was saving to pay for film and processing. In 2012, she took a leap of faith and launched Kerrin Burke Lahr Photography, LLC. It was one of the best decisions of her life! She specializes in portraiture, lifestyle, and travel. Her style is to creatively capture a personality, emotion, and mood.

Name: Hanner Studios

Location: Raleigh, NC

Category

Website: hannerstudios.com

About: As a boho girl at heart, Nicole is a wanderlust, dreamer, and creative maker. She is a wife of 10 years and mama to three kiddos under seven. Most of her days are fueled by coffee and a whole lotta crazy! With an MBA in her pocket and an artsy soul, she quickly figured out that she needed both art and business in whatever she chose to do.

After years of account management, print production, and marketing, she chose life as a small business owner. Hanner Studios was born in 2010 and she built a 500 sq foot natural light photography studio near her home in 2015. This year, she will introduce editorial / commercial photography through Indie + Jolie.

Name: Joy Michelle Photography

Location: Annapolis, MD

Category: Wedding

Website: www.joymichellephotography.com

About: Joy is a Fine Art Wedding Photographer and Educator based on the east coast. On an average day you could find her curled up in her office chair while sipping coffee (and it probably isn’t the first cup) with her planner open and dog close by. Joy is a wife to the cutest guy ever, Felipe, her sometimes-photo-assistant and full time CFO.

She believes in living creatively, sending snail mail, and that photographs are meant to be printed.

Name: Stacy White Photography

Location: Sarasota, FL

Category: Landscape

Website: www.stacywhitephotography.com

About: Stacy White is an upcoming commercial photographer with a passion for nature and landscape. She uncovered her love for photography and she spends as much time as possible taking photos. Stacy lives in Sarasota, Florida with her husband, two children, and two dogs.

Living in Florida gives her a wide range of opportunities for interesting wildlife as well as amazing scenic locations for her photos. Stacy enjoys traveling as often as possible and wherever she goes, she looks for and captures the beauty she finds in nature around her.

Name: Stolen Glimpses

Location: Seattle, WA

Category: Wedding

Website: stolenglimpses.com

About: Leda and Jeff Larson are a husband and wife photography team based in Seattle, Washington specializing in documentary-style wedding photography. They also own a photo studio in Seattle which keeps them nice and busy. When they’re not shooting or editing, you can find them hiking, rowing, or exploring the city!

Name: Paul Gagliardi Photography

Location: Washington, D.C.

Category: Underwater

Website: paulg.photography

About: Paul is an underwater photographer focused on capturing his moments spent free-diving with whales. His excursions have led him to in-water experiences with feeding Orca in Northern Norway and clumsy week-old Humpback calves in the Dominican Republic.

Name: Erin Costa Photography

Location: Hampstead, NC

Category: Wedding

Website: www.erincostaphoto.com

About: Erin is an accomplished professional wedding and portrait photographer based out of Wilmington, NC. With a focus on creating elegant, real, and enduring photographs, her work can be found in a variety of online wedding publications such as The Knot.com, Huffington Post, Borrowed and Blue, Artfully Wed, as well as print publications including Endurance Magazine and Woodmen Living Magazine.

Erin is an active member of many professional photographer associations including Professional Photographers of America, Wedding & Portrait Photographers International. Photography is Erin’s passion, but when she’s not photographing beautiful brides, she loves to travel, exercise, and spend time with her husband and two furry children, Zeke and Duke.

Name: Helen Don Photography

Location: Rockville, MD

Category

Website: helendon.com

About: Achieving the “perfect” photograph means something different to everyone. By listening to the specific needs of each client, Helen Don delivers captivating images that blow them away. She is proficient in photographing a variety of subjects, including interiors and products, but her heart is in creating beautiful portraits.

With her strong background in family and baby photography, she has learned to be extremely efficient, yet patient to get the perfect shot. Her style is sincere, and she makes each client look their very best.

Name: Casey French Photography

Location: Fond du Lac, WI

Category: Landscape

Website: www.caseyfrenchphotography.com

About: Casey French is a photographer living in Wisconsin. He has been collaborating with numerous organizations and even had some of his work appear on CNN International, Footprint Travel Guides, and National Geographic.

Name: Hoeller Photography

Location: Medina, OH

Category

Website: www.hoellerphotography.com

About: Nicholas Hoeller is a photographer based in Medina, Ohio. He specialize in landscape, lifestyle, and city photography. He has worked with companies such as Marc’s, Natural United Outdoors Company, Willy & Wade and Teen Eye Magazine. Nicholas has shot weddings, concerts, events, and more. He does not limit himself to one category of photography.

Name: Gretchen Wakeman Photography

Location: Phoenix, AZ

Category: Wedding

Website: gretchenwakeman.com

About: You don’t get a second chance to capture a once in a lifetime moment. For Gretchen Wakeman, it’s about documenting not only the beautiful details of your wedding day, but also the unscripted moments happening in between. She captures those moments by making you as comfortable as possible in front of the camera.

Her interest in photography began in the high school darkroom developing film. She received her first SLR Camera as a gift when she was 18. Today, photography is her full time job. She has always been a creative person, and creating beautiful images makes her happy.

Name: Zach Stadler

Location: Minneapolis, MN

Category: Landscape

Website: www.zachstadler.com

About: Over the last few years Zach Stadler had the pleasure of traveling to some of the most exotic destinations in the world. With the territory, he quickly developed a love for the ocean and photography naturally became his tool for capturing my surreal experiences both in and out of the water.

Name: NeriPhoto

Location: Holland, MI

Category

Website: neriphoto.com

About: Neringa Ridges is based in Grand Rapids, MI, but available worldwide. With a Bachelor’s degree in painting and drawing, she approaches weddings as a masterpiece. Her mission is to provide brides with outstanding experience and classic, timeless images that capture the moments as they happen.

Info Source: nationsphotolab.com

Today we’re taking a look at the different types of photographers. There are many distinctive classifications based on the type of photography, looking at it from a myriad of perspectives: job function, personality type, aesthetic preferences, or geographic boundaries.

To make things easier for you in case you have no idea what kind of photographer would fit your needs best, here’s our list with the most representative categories.

Featured Photographers Near Me

Featured Photographers Near Me

Are you on the lookout for photographers near me to help you take stunning photos? Before you invest money in photography lessons, you should find out which photographers are the best in your city.

We featured these photographers from across the country! 

These photographers are not only phenomenal artists but inspirations in the industry. We encourage you to follow them to stay updated on new innovations in technique, check out great tutorials on studio photography and business, as well as see some awesome gear in action, of course!

See the list of featured photographers and follow their blog and contributors:

Lindsay Adler
Commercial & fashion photographer

Miguel Quiles
Commercial & portrait photographer

Daniel Norton
Photographer, creative director & educator

Joe Edelman
Advertising & editorial photographer

Clay Cook
Editorial & commercial photographer

Hernan Rodriguez
Commercial & portrait photographer

Rick Friedman
Photojournalist, portrait photographer, instructor

Elaine Torres
Portrait photographer

Zach Sutton
Commercial & headshot photographer

Nicholas Pappagallo
Commercial photographer & educator

Jessica Whitaker
Educator & portrait photographer

Craig Stidham
Portrait & fashion photographer

Yaneck & Sasha Wasiek
Wedding, headshot & portrait photographers

Mike McGee
Beauty, fashion, editorial, portraits, glamour & headshot photographer

David Hakamaki
Senior portrait & wedding photographer

William Brennan 
Black and White, Fine Art

Peter-ydeen 
Landscapes, Night Photography

Frederick Hansen 
Black And White, Fine Art

Keith A Ramsdell 
Fine Art, Black And White

Jonathan Pozniak 
Travel, Portrait

Kevin Corrado 
Surreal, Landscapes

Ejazkhanearth 
Black And White, Wildlife

Quincy Jefferson 
Miscellaneous

Marc Ward 
Fine Art, Photomanipulation

Pilar Cristi 
Fine Art, Black, And White

Carlos Ocando 
Fine Art, Surreal

Jon Deboer 
Black And White, Night Photography

Mark Singles 
Black And White, Landscapes

Simos Xenakis 
Black And White, Landscapes

Michael Salmela 
Black And White, Waterscapes

Jim Haas 
Black And White, Fine Art

Ivo Kerssemakers 
Fine Art, Black And White

Jenn Bischof 
Fashion, Fine Art

Emmanuel-monzon 
Fine Art, Landscapes

Artbyscott 
Landscapes, Nudes

Jeffrey Logesky 
Landscapes, Black And White

Robb Johnson 
Black And White, Conceptual

L Tallman 
Black And White, Travel

Susan De Witt 
Alternative Process, Surreal

Edi Chen 
Black And White, Fine Art

Meg Wachter 
Landscapes, People

Jack Curran 
Black And White, Landscapes

Campbell 
Black And White

Mary Anne Mitchell 
Fine Art, People

Edyta Kielian 
Fine Art, People

Geoffrey Ansel Agrons 
Landscapes, Fine Art

Dennis Ramos 
Fine Art, Black And White

Joe Kennaley 
Landscapes, Black And White

Jason Henthorne 
Black And White, Waterscapes

Jim Nilsen 
Travel, Landscapes

Thibault Roland 
Fine Art, Landscapes

Steven Castro 
Landscapes, Black And White

Jeff Krewson 
Fine Art, Nature

Michael Pannier 
Fine Art, Nudes

Cheryle St. Onge 
Fine Art

Nathan Wirth 
Black And White, Landscapes

Ralph Hassenpflug 
Fine Art, Alternative Process

Liz Keeler 
Black And White, Landscapes

Chris Reilmann 
Fine Art, Black And White

Stephen Matera 
Landscapes

Scott Rinckenberger
Landscapes, Black And White

Chris Kalmbach
Fine Art, Architecture

Michael Salomon
Landscapes, Black And White

Myles Katherine
Black And White, Fine Art

Richard Smith
Surreal, Black and White

Info Source: ndmagazine.net 

That’s it, hope this article might be helpful for you to know about photography and find out some good photographers!

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Hi! I'm Susan the Executive Editor at ListBay. That means I get to research and write helpful, interesting things about Photography, Design and Culture. Connect with me to pitch ideas!

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